Can Justice be child-friendly?
International Conference, Sofia, BULGARIA, 30/06/2021 - 02/07/2021
”When you ask what our job is, I’ll answer you - someone just has to love these kids.” (former inspector of Children’s pedagogical room)
More than 160 participants from around the world signed to attend the three-day conference. Representatives of the United Nations, the European Commission, the EU Fundamental Rights Agency, NGOs, as well as lawyers, journalists and university researchers were part of the sessions. Official guests at the event in Sofia were the Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria Diana Kovacheva and the Deputy Minister of Justice Maria Pavlova. During the event the system of legal acts and policy documents related to child-friendly justice at European and international level was analysed. Bulgaria’s delay in transposing Directive (EU) 2016/800 and Directive (EU) 2012/29, which regulate the minimum standards for the rights of child offenders or victims of crime in criminal proceedings, was also discussed. Particular attention was paid to the nature and objectives of the „individual assessment” under the two European Directives. It was emphasized that individual assessment can be used to individualize a punishment, but its main purpose is to ensure that the individual educational and other needs of the child guaranteed by the recognized children’s rights are met.
At the Conference, a number of other issues related to the child-friendly justice in Bulgaria and other European countries were raised:
• Children do not know their rights, especially when they are accused or are suspects;
• Professionals do not know how to interact with children - there is a lack of appropriate training;
• Court and pre-trial proceedings are not adapted to the needs of the child and are not age appropriate;
• Repeated hearings of the child are still a widespread practice
• Professionals and other involved structures do not communicate with each other - there is no feedback from social services to the court, which is especially problematic if there is another case involving the same child, but before a different judge;
• Particularly vulnerable are children who have additional problems - disability, children who are clients of the protection system, refugee children, etc.
In addition to the child-friendly justice and the challenges to its implementation, the need for a change in the public attitudes towards children was also discussed.
The lack of maturity in children should not be a reason to treat them with less respect and upholding the best interests of the child is beneficial for society as a whole. During the Conference good practices on individual assessment in Italy, the use of „blue rooms” in Bulgaria and Romania, working with child victims of crime in social services and others were also presented. On the third final day of the Conference, a session was held in an unusual format: young people presented real cases of child offenders and / or victims of crime and asked their questions to the experts. The conference was held in Bulgarian and English and was accompanied by interpretation into both sign languages.
Collection of conference materials in English is available here.
Videos from all Conference sessions will be available here in a few days.
More information about the project Child-Friendly Justice: Developing the concept of social court practices (878552 – CFJ-DCSCP) is available here.
This Conference is co-funded by the European Union’s Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme (2014-2020).